Terpenes from cannabis are aromatic oils that give cannabis strains distinctive scents. Terpenes can help the body better absorb and use the healing effects of cannabinoids. Terpenes are also able to alter or reduce the effects of cannabinoids including THC.
Terpenes are as important than cannabinoids?
Cannabis terpenes and cannabinoids are a pair that work together to bring us the full benefit of cannabis strains. Most terpenes are extracted from plant materials like pine needles or citrus rinds. While essential oils are used for aromatherapy, these are not common. Terpenes are also derived from animals, or insects.
They are most often extracted from the plant material. The cannabis plant is home to over 200 terpenes which are responsible for the distinct smells and flavors of a particular strain. Terpenes are responsible for the lavender and lemon scents. Terpenes are the plant’s natural defense mechanism, and have been used for centuries for food additives in order to enhance the flavor of various products.
Terpenes of cannabis do not just are responsible for the aroma and flavor of cannabis but also offer beneficial effects. According to some specialists, terpenes, the constituents that contribute to several of the distinct characteristics of a specific strain, have been known to have positive effects on everything from migraines and stress to inflammation and mood swings.
Terpenes, similar to cannabinoids, bind to receptors in our brains and the body. They regulate mood, memory patterns, hunger sleep patterns, and other functions. Terpenes when combined with cannabinoids, may enhance the therapeutic effects of cannabis and lessen the adverse effects.
Chemical compounds that work together to enhance your medical marijuana experience. They also offer an even longer-lasting and more powerful relief. This is also why different combinations of cannabinoids may impact patients’ ailments in different ways. Although a CBD-rich strain might not trigger psychoactive effects, it is difficult to know the effect of terpenes in a patient.
The most well-known cannabis terpenes, and their advantages
1. Alpha-pinene: This is a primary terpene that is found in the pine needles and sage. It has a strong, fresh evergreen scent. It can also be present in rosemary, basil, dill and parsley. Although alpha-pinene exists in low levels in most cannabis strains of cannabis however, it has been demonstrated to boost memory and improve focus when a strain contains greater amounts.
2. Beta-myrcene: This terpene contributes to the hops’ aroma and thyme. It can also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also present in mangoes, lemongrass and Thyme. The sedative properties of Myrcene may be beneficial in cases of restless legs syndrome and insomnia.
3. Limonene can be found at high levels in lemongrass, peppermint and rosemary, and also in cannabis. It emits a distinct lemon aroma that is antidepressant as well as anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: This terpene can be present in mint, lavender coriander and birch trees as well as rosewood. It could be helpful in treating anxiety and depression and can produce a calming effects. Many report feeling sedated when taking cannabis that contains high levels of linalool.
5. Caryophyllene is the only terpene that interacts with cannabinoid receptors, and also gives clove its distinctive scent. Caryophyllene in addition to imparting a spicy aroma to the cannabis plant is also believed to be anti-inflammatory. It also helps in the treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click tips for cooking with cannabis terpenes